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General Dentistry & Oral Hygiene

General Dentistry & Oral Hygiene

General Dentistry & Oral Hygiene

Cleaning, Scaling and Polishing

Teeth cleaning is a vital part of oral hygiene and involves the removal of dental plaque from teeth with the intention of preventing cavities (dental caries), gingivitis, and periodontal disease.

Preventive Fillings (Pit and Fissure Sealants)

Dental sealants are a dental treatment intended to prevent tooth decay. Teeth have recesses on their biting surfaces and it is these pits and fissures that are most vulnerable to tooth decay, partly because food sticks in them and they are hard to clean properly.

Fluoride Applications

These applications contain a highly concentrated form of fluoride that is applied to the tooth’s surface to help prevent decay, re-mineralise the tooth’s surface and to treat dentine hypersensitivity.

Dental Fillings (Tooth Coloured and Silver Fillings)

A filling can help to repair a tooth that has been damaged by decay, giving it back its normal function and shape. Teeth can be filled with silver amalgam (that consists of mercury mixed with silver, tin, zinc, and copper), tooth-coloured plastic, or composite resin fillings.

Root Canal Treatment

If you are suffering from a tooth infection caused by decay or injury, you may be in need of a root canal. Root canal treatment is performed when the tooth’s root becomes infected due to cavities or cracks, causing discomfort and swelling in the area. The procedure involves cleaning out the root canal to prevent further damage and save your tooth.

Post and Core

Post and core treatment is recommended for teeth that are severely decayed or structurally damaged. After a root canal treatment, a post is positioned in the root of the tooth. It can be used to support a filling or to hold a crown. Some posts are ready made, whereas others are made in our laboratory especially to fit your tooth.

Extractions

Tooth extraction involves the removal of a tooth from its socket in the bone. If a tooth has been broken or damaged by decay, your dentist will try to fix it with a filling, crown or other treatment. Sometimes though, there’s too much damage for the tooth to be repaired.

Partial and Complete Dentures

A denture is a removable replacement for missing teeth and the tissues connected to those teeth. It is made of acrylic plastic and sometimes porcelain and metal materials. A denture closely resembles natural gum tissue and teeth. Complete dentures replace all of the teeth, while partial dentures fill in the spaces created by missing teeth and prevent other teeth from shifting position. Complete dentures are known as immediate or conventional. An immediate denture is a complete denture or partial denture that is inserted on the same day, immediately following the removal of the natural teeth. The immediate denture protects the tissues and reduces bleeding after tooth extraction. The conventional denture is ready for placement in the mouth about eight to 12 weeks after the teeth have been removed and the gum tissue has healed. However, some dentists may recommend more time before placing a conventional denture.

Treatment of Oral Ulcers

Mouth ulcers also known as canker sores, are normally small, painful lesions that develop in your mouth or at the base of your gums. They can make eating, drinking, and talking uncomfortable. Women (more than men), adolescents, and people with a family history of mouth ulcers are at a higher risk of developing them. Mouth ulcers aren’t contagious and usually go away within one to two weeks. However, if you get a canker sore that is large or extremely painful, or if it lasts for a long time without healing, you should seek the advice of your dentist.

Treatment of Gum Disease

The best way to treat gum disease is to practice good oral hygiene, although additional dental and medical treatments are sometimes necessary. Good oral hygiene involves brushing your teeth for two to three minutes twice a day (in the morning and at night), preferably with an electric toothbrush, using toothpaste that contains fluoride (a natural mineral that helps protect against tooth decay),flossing your teeth regularly (preferably daily), not smoking, and regularly visiting your dentist (at least once every one to two years, but more frequently if necessary). If you have gum disease, your dentist may recommend that you have a scale and polish, root planing (debridement) which involves a deep clean under the gums that gets rid of bacteria from the roots of your teeth and, in severe cases, periodontal surgery. In some cases, it is necessary to remove the affected tooth. Your dentist will be able to tell you about the procedure you need and how it will be carried out. If necessary, they can refer you to a specialist.

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